Presentation from YUGOSLAVIA by Mrs. KRISTINA PERIC


Introduction

Meteorological and hydrological activities in Yugoslavia began in the middle of nineteenth century, when the first observation network was established. In the first half of this century, the hydrological service was a part of the Ministry of Civil Engineering. By uniting meteorological and hydrological activities in 1947 Hydrometeorological Service of Yugoslavia was established.

Present organization of Hydrometeorological Service in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Today the Hydrological Service of Yugoslavia is an integral part of the Hydrometeorological Service of Yugoslavia which consists of :

Structure and main activities of the Federal Hydrometeorological Institute



In accordance with the federal laws of Yugoslavia, the Hydrological Department of the FHMI acts as the National Centre of Yugoslavia, co-ordinating and uniting the work of the republic /operational hydrological services within the country, and at the same time connecting FR Yugoslavia with similar services of other countries and relevant international organisations such as WMO, UNESCO, Danube Commission and so on. Total number of employees in Hydrometeorological Service of Yugoslavia is 750 ones, 60 of which are hydrologists (University degree), 97 technicians and about 600 external observers.

The main responsibilities of FHMI as the National Hydrological Center are :

FHMI is responsible for carrying out the international commitments of Yugoslavia in the fields of hydrology (coordination and implementation of the international projects and programs).

The main activities of Republic Hydrometeorological Institutes are :

In general the Hydrometeorological Institutes of the republics can meet the requirements of the final users with the meteorological and hydrological information, raw or processed data, reports etc. The major resposibilities are :

Hydrological observing system of Yugoslavia

The present hydrological observing system in the territory of Yugoslavia consists of surface water station network (Figure 1.), ground water station network and water pollution monitoring network :

Surface water station network
 
parameters water level discharge water temper. suspend. sediment ice
number of stations 298* 258 70 37 298 in winter period
frequency 1-2 daily 10 -15 per year 1-2 daily daily
* among them 205 are water level recording gauging stations

Ground water station network
 
parameters water level water temperature
number of stations 358 92
frequency 2, 3 or 6 times monthly 3 or 6 times monthly

Water Pollution Monitoring Network (physical-chemical and biological parameters)
 
parameters surface water ground water Adriatic sea
number of stations 208 93 19
frequency 6-12 times per year 2 times per year 12 times per year
number of parameters 42 - 60 24 42