Med-Hycos - the Project
1998 MED-HYCOS ACTIVITIES
Montpellier, France February, 1999
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2.1.1. Facilities provided by ORSTOM2.2. Initial Co-ordination Group
2.3. Objective 1: Data Collecting Platforms Network
2.3.1. DCPs shipped and operational2.4. Objective 2: Hydrological Information System
2.4.1. Data Base Management Tools2.5. Objective 3 : improvement of National Services
2.5.1. Additional Sensors2.6. Objective 4 : Creation of an information infrastructure
2.7. Objective 5 : development of an electronic network
The agreement signed between WMO and IRD (ORSTOM) for the year 1997 was extended with amendment.
This report concerns all activities of the MED-HYCOS program in 1998 which are presented under these headings:
Objective 1: Data Collecting
The agreement between WMO and ORSTOM has been signed in March 1997. It concerned the implementation of the MED-HYCOS activities for the end of the year 1996 and the year 1997. Article 8 of the agreement offered the possibility to extend the agreement until May 1999.
This agreement allowed the PRC to receive funds covering the expenses of 1998 and an advance payment for 1999 from the three tranches of the World Bank’s grant and to set up the activities of the project.
2.1.1 Facilities provided by ORSTOM
In 1998, the PRC run its activities in the Lavalette building, equipped and rented by ORSTOM for the MED-HYCOS project. As agreed at the third meeting of the Initial Co-ordinating Group (ICG) in Malta (5 to 15 November 1997), the PRC building was fully linked to Internet by the end of June and received funding in the programme budget for a workstation server.
Now, the PRC in Montpellier is able to accommodate three or four full time experts from partner countries to manage the WEB site and the regional databases and to develop the library of processing and cartographic tools.
In 1998, the "Conseil Régional Languedoc-Rousillon" provided 50 000 French francs in order to purchase a second server.
2.1.2 ORSTOM’ staff involvement
In 1998, 3 persons worked full time and 2 worked half time for the MED-HYCOS Project:
- One administrator
- One computer Engineer in charge of software development
- One electronics Engineer in charge of the DCPs network and related training (50%)
- And one hydrologist technician in charge of data base administration (50%)
2.1.3 Missions conducted by the PRC
In January, a mission of co-ordination with the Regional Hydrological Observatory was assumed by the MED-HYCOS Co-ordinator in OUAGADOUDOU in order to combine the MED-HYCOS Information System with that of the Regional Hydrological Observatory of West and Central Africa managed by ORSTOM.
During the TEMPUS training session in February (BUCAREST), the Co-ordinator met with the Director of the Romanian Hydrometeorological Institute with whom he negotiated an agreement to give data from three Romanian stations to the PRC.
At the invitation of the Mediterranean Water Network, the PCR Co-ordinator presented the MED-HYCOS programme at a conference in VALENCIA , SPAIN on April 16-17.
The 15-16th of June, the Co-ordinator participated in the first WIAG meeting for the co-ordination of WMO WHYCOS programmes
Also in June (18-20), a mission was undertaken for the French Embassy in BEIRUT. The PRC Co-ordinator participated in a seminar on international Water Rights. A meeting there with the Lebanese MED-HYCOS representative officially confirmed the order for 2 MED-HYCOS stations. Additionally, the French Embassy agreed to take 4 MED-HYCOS meteorological stations.
In July, a meeting was organised in MONTPELLIER with André MONACO, professor at the University of PERPIGNAN and Director of the MATER programme (MAss Transfer and Ecosystem Response). The goal was a possible collaboration with the MED-HYCOS programme in setting up an observatory to monitor pollution in Mediterranean coastal regions.
On the 9th of October, the PRC Co-ordinator went to GENEVA on an information gathering mission at WMO headquarters.
A meeting was held In Cyprus (24-25 October) for all the Mediterranean Network Co-ordinators, the initiative of the Mediterranean Water Institute of Marseilles and the Global Water Partnership.
Finally, on 23 November, at the request of Michel GIROD (Water Task Force), the co-ordinator presented the MED-HYCOS programme to the Joint Research Centre of ISPRA in ITALY.
The works undertaken in PCR were devoted to countries' historical data demands and to the development of a CD-ROM which was published in September.2.2 Initial Co-ordination Group
The Initial Co-ordination Group meeting was held in December 1998 with the Countries' representative organisations as follows:
Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Tunisia.Organisations:
European Commission Joint Institute, French Environment Ministry, Regional Environment Direction, VERSEAU, WMO.The principal ICG proposals are as follows:
2.3 Objective 1: Data Collecting Platforms Network
2.3.1 DCPs shipped and operationalThe first lot the 20 DCPs was delivered to the PRC in August 1996. Eighteen DCPs have already been shipped to the countries and 2 are still available at the PRC. Out of these 18 DCPs received by the countries, 10 are currently in operation.
A second lot of five DCPs has been delivered to the PRC in October 1998. A further lot of thirteen DCPs has been ordered in July 1998 and is to be delivered in January 1999.
The following table presents
the shipped and operational DCPs;
Four new DCPs were put into service in 1998:
2 in Bulgaria
1 in Malta
Five platforms, ordered by the OMM were sent to the following countries:
1 in Jordan
2 in Morocco
Concerning the collect of Data from DCPs, it is now possible for each participating country to access directly its data through Internet on the EUMETSAT Internet Site and this is the most cost-effective way to do so.
All the country partners participated in these training courses except Syria and Palestinian Water Authority.
The National Hydrological Services of the participating countries and territories are committed to ensure that the stations forming part of the MED-HYCOS network are installed, operated (including gauging) and maintained to the required standard. The operation and maintenance costs should normally be borne by the countries, although the project may provide support within the available funds (spare parts, support missions).
During the ICG meeting in December the Co-ordinator indicated the following as immediate objectives :
Palestinian Territories: 2
The ICG recommended in December that :
The ICG stressed the interest for the MED-HYCOS project to develop its activities in the field of water quality.
The ICG recommended that two sets of additional sensors shall be provided to Cyprus, Malta and Tunisia according to their specific needs and invited these countries to urgently provide the PRC with technical information for the preparation of quotation.
In December, the PRC Co-ordinator sent a letter to all the participating countries inviting them to indicate their needs in terms of additional sensors, especially for water quality.
2.4 Objective 2: Hydrological Information System
PRC carried out the development of the system interfacing the Regional Data Base administrated under the ORACLE Data Base Management System (DBMS) with Internet.
Three types of data are currently available in the MED-HYCOS Information System:
A considerable effort was made in collect this historical data which is accessible on our CD-ROM and also available on our WEB site.
In all, the CD-ROM contains daily data from over 50 hydrometric stations located throughout 13 countries which have agreed to supply the PRC with data:
Albania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Spain, France, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, Tunisia, Turkey, and Yugoslavia.Agreements have been or are in the course of being made with these countries. These accords are based on the protection of the proprietary rights of information. This protection authorised by the February 26 1996 European Directive on databases became effective in France at the beginning of July, where it was made law.
Other countries, principally Algeria, Bosnia, Lebanon, Malta, Moldavia, Palestinian Territories, Portugal, and Ukraine will be asked again to supply historical water flow data from some of the stations in their networks.
Data from the DCPs are updated weekly. In 1999, height/flow transformation procedures will be implemented which will allow the collection of real time data on flow rates in rivers equipped with DCPs.
In 1999, meetings or missions will be organised to adapt hydrological Information System processing tools to national databases.
Besides, the participation of IRD-ORSTOM in the European project "ESIMEAU" (Information Technologies for Water Resources management an Modelling in Semi-Arid Areas) co-ordinated by INRIA (French National Institute of Applied Research in Computer Science) and connecting engineering and research Institutes and Universities from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Lebanon, Greece and the Netherlands should reinforce the development of the MED-HYCOS information system.
In 1999, around 20 trainers months charged by ESIMEAU will be invested in the Information System Development. Around 10 trainers months will be charged by MED-HYCOS Project.
According the ICG recommendations, the development of the MHIS shall be oriented in 1999 along three main courses of action :
Internet Interface; and
2.4.1 Data Base Management Tools
2.4.2 Data Internet Interface
2.4.3 Client Tools
Countries' needs were estimated at the end of 1997. During the beginning of 1999, the countries will be equipped with " MED-HYCOS configured" computers and appropriate software.
The decision was taken to offer meteorological or water quality sensors to the national hydrology departments of countries that wanted them, to the extent that budgets allowed.
The ICG met in December considered the most urgent actions to be undertaken for the implementation of this objective and made the following recommendations:
2.5.1 Additional Sensors
Concerning the procurement of additional hydrological measurement equipment, the PRC invited eligible countries to submit proposals. These proposals shall be supported by a description of the activities for which these devices are needed. A request from Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Malta, Tunisia, Turkey, are already available. Equipment will be provided in the limits of the available funds and priority will be given to those activities of highest regional interest.
The PRC shall ascertain the interest of participating countries in equipping national services with the IH developed HYDATA software, Window version. Following this survey WMO will enter into negotiation with the UK Agency for International Development to get their funding for the procurement of the required number of licences.2.6 Objective 4 : Creation of an information infrastructure
The development of the information infrastructure has been carried out along four courses of action:
In September 1998, the production and dispatch of CD ROM displayed the first products of the project for users not yet connected to the Web or with low speed connection. The CD-ROM will be regularly updated and sent to the countries between two and four times per year according to the progress of the Project.
Contacts were established in 1998 with the Blue Plan, the Mediterranean Water network, the European Joint Research Centre in ISPRA (Italy), the European Task Force Water and co-ordinators of European Programmes (HYDROMED, MAST, etc.). These contacts can result in collaboration projects between MED-HYCOS and other programmes as well as between MED-HYCOS partners and research teams and Directions of Water in the Mediterranean basin. MED-HYCOS, through RID is also involved in the implementation of the EC funded programme ESIMEAU, on the application of the information technology in modelling water resources management in semi-arid areas.
The MED-HYCOS brochure (French/English) was distributed in September 1998 to national MED-HYCOS focal points, research institutes, international organisations, etc. in 4000 copies. This brochure is included in the CD-ROM package.
The immediate following objectives are set for the project :
The WMO financed , from the World Bank budget, a 2MB Internet link for the Agropolis Campus PRC. In addition, the WMO financed the acquisition of a new server that will host the database and the WEB site software.
These actions will allow us to better accommodate experts from our partner countries in the development of the MED-HYCOS hydrological information system.
Concerning the collection of data acquired by DCPs and transmitted via the METEOSAT satellite, EUMETSAT has set up a WEB site on which these data will be available. Thus data can be accessed by the countries' national departments which have the logon co-ordinates and the programme password. This information was given to countries that have one or more DCPs. So the use of one station for direct reception, even GTS, is therefore no longer necessary.
Concerning the Internet access for participating countries, the last ICG made the following recommendations :
The following table presents the expenses in USD incurred in 1998 by the PRC.
In order to balance the expenses, a transfer of 121299,67 F was made from RTF3 to ICG. However, in 1998, an account of about 200 000 FF were put into the activities of MED-HYCOS PRC by IRD-ORSTOM.
The recapitulative statement of expenses certified by the Administrator of the ORSTOM Centre in Montpellier is given in annex.
During the course of 1998, the MED-HYCOS programme continued to make progress. It didn't seem necessary to call organisational meetings among the programme partners before the production of the first MED-HYCOS CD-ROM.
A significant effort was made on the part of the PRC team to rapidly accomplish the CD-ROM objective:
The promotion of MED-HYCOS Project was assumed through contacts with Blue Plan, Mediterranean Water Institute, Mediterranean Water Network, Global Water Partnership, Joint Research Centre of ISPRA, European Water Task Force, etc.
In 1999 which will be the last year of the initial phase, further efforts will be necessary :
Montpellier, 10 February, 1999
MED-HYCOS PRC Co-ordinator