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DANUBE - CALAFAT
STATION IDENTIFICATION

Country : Romania - River Name : Danube - Major Basin : Black Sea
Station Name : Calafat - Station Code or number :14 11 10
Coordinates : 43°56' N latitude - 22°53' E longitude and _____ m above sea level
Catchment area : 588 620 sq km - Date Station Opened : 1879 water level, 1966 discharge

CHANNEL CHARACTERISTICS
Channel Geometry : 850 m width and 12 m depth
with stable / fair / unstable river bed cross-section, underlain by : fair, sand
The river bed is natural / man made : natural
Describe the hydraulic conditions within the measuring station : ___

HYDROLOGICAL REGIME
Natural or influenced flow : natural
with slow rise or flash floods : slow
Annual max. and min. mean flow : 8320; 5700 (1970); 3860 (1990)m3/s

EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL
Equipment installed and status : staff gauge - good enough
Gauging equipment and status : Hydrological research ship endowed with sounder, river current meter, water samplers, gripers, hydrometric winches and davils
Observer or watchman : Observer

VOLUME AND QUALITY OF INFORMATION AVAILABLE
DAII : 1 (Discharge Available Information Index : number of monthes with complete discharge information / number of observed years / 12)
Rating curve status (currently updated or not) : yearly updated
Number of discharge measurements (dm) available : 200
Highest water level observed : 802 cm - Date : 1981
Highest water level at which dm taken : 747 cm - Date : 1970
Lowest water level observed : - 148 cm - Date : 1985
Data storage medium (computerized or not) : discharge computerised
Data dissemination medium (diskette or hand filled form) : diskette
Status of the database (which data, currently updated or not) : water level and discharge yearly updated

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE (O & M)
Number of visits currently undertaken per year : 2-4 visits / year to the observer, 6 - 10 discharge measurements / year
Ease of access : easy
Ease of flow measurement (describe) : by ship
Technique(s) used for discharge measurement (wading, bridge, slope area, etc.) : The discharge measurements are taken by a hydrological research ship
Equipment used in discharge measurement : echosounder, river current meter, water samplers, gripers, hydrometric winches and davils
Equipment used in stage measurement : water level meter
Operation and maintenance budget per annum for the station : <1000 $ / year for the observer, 1000 $ / 1 complete discharge measurement

BENEFITS AND INTEREST
Current use of the data and who uses it (describe) : Hydrological forecast and warnings, water management (in point of quality and quantity) research. - Users : National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology; Waters Authority; Ministry of Environment; other research institutes
Estimated revenue from use of data (if charges are raised) per annum : ___
Expected future use and where will it be used (describe) : Continuous watch of quality and quantity of water runoff, the possibility to make decisions in real time for environment protection
Additional data needed (which ones) : water quality, suspended sediment load, air and water temperature, precipitation, wind speed
Real time needed (for what purposes) : Used to hydrological forecasts and warnings, severe hydrological phenomena prevention, pollution monitoring and prevention, etc.

SERVICE ORGANIZATION
Name : Danube Hydrological Collecting Center
Organization : Danube River Basin Authority - Craiova
Address : Craiova, str. Dunarii 18, cod 100
Number of staff : 15

Form filled by : Liliana FUGACIU
Title : Senior researcher
Date : June 06, 1995
Address : National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology
Sos. Bucuresti - Ploiesti 97, cod 71552 Bucharest Romania