Presentation from Jordan - Mr
General presentation :
The Ministry of Water and Irrigation is
the body responsible for the water sector in Jordan.
The Ministry of Water and Irrigation consist
on two authorities :
The Directorate of Water Ressources studies
is one of the five administrations. This Directorate has 6 sections. Mr
Al Nsour works in the surface water section wich is divided into 3 sectors
The Jordan Valley Authority (JVA) in charge
of the Jordan river rift valley which, it is responsible for development
and irrigation in the rift valley.
the Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ) in charge
of drinking water distribution, and water development and management in
The hydrological network consists
The department of Meteorology related to the
Ministry of Transport has 35 meteorological stations which provide the
weather forecast. The data are 1 hour, 3 hours and daily registered.
150 daily rainfall gauging,
35 totaliser raingauges to measure the rain
in the desert once a year,
68 recording stations for rainfall,
18 climatological stations, they measure radiation,
temperature, wind speed, wind direction, evaporation,
15 automatic stations.
Jordan has 15 surface water basins. 33
stations are installed on these 15 basins. 25 of them are secondary gauging
stations which measure water level by using limnographs, and 8 main stations
which measure water level and velocity.
There are 160 spring spot measurements
points which are measured on a monthly basis whereas 260 spring spots measurements
are measured every 3 months and 500 are measured once annually.
Jordan is divided into 4 districts according
to topography :
The distribution of rainfall is as follows
first district is Ghor district which covers
areas between 400 m below the sea level up to 300 m over the sea level,
the second district is a montaneous area,
the third district is a plateau area,
the fourth district is the desert area which
represents 85% of the country.
The mean annual volume of rainfall is 8650
MCM : average annual evaporation is 90%, infiltration 6%, surface water
run off 4%
in the montainous area the maximum total registered
is 600 mm/year,
in the Eastern and Southern areas the maximum
total registered is 50 mm/year.
Most of the water for irrigation in Ghor
district comes from the Yarmouk river.
There is a peace agreement of sharing surface
water between Jordan and Israel concerning Yarmouk and Jordan rivers.
Jordan suffers of water shortages and has
a great need of potable water for drinking and other uses.