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GLAVA PANEGA A ZLATNA PANEGA
STATION IDENTIFICATION

Country : Bulgaria - River Name :Spring name : Glava Panega
Major Basin : Danube - Black Sea
Station Name : karst spring Glava Panega giving rise to the Panega river which is right affluent of the Iskar river. Location : the village of Zlatna Panega - Station Code or number :181452
Coordinates : 43°05' N latitude - 24°10' E longitude
and 178.85 m above sea level
Catchment area : approximately 300 sq km - Date Station Opened : January 1959 with monthly measurements, gauge station since 1.01.1962
CHANNEL CHARACTERISTICS

Channel Geometry : 13 m width and nearly 1 m depth with sandy-gravel natural bed overgrown with/by hydrophytes
Cross section underlain by marls ans sandstones
Describe the hydraulic conditions within the measuring station : flat river bed, rectilinear river section with small longitudinal slope

HYDROLOGICAL REGIME
High flow period in spring
Multiple annual abs. max. and min. mean flow : 35.7 cu m/s; 0,73 cu m/s

EQUIPMENT AND PERSONNEL
Equipment installed and status : instrument house to protect the devices
Gauging equipment and status : vertical staff gauge, water-stage recorder Valdaj from 1981
Observer or watchman : watchman

VOLUME AND QUALITY OF INFORMATION AVAILABLE
DAII : continuous measurement and availability since 1959
(Discharge Available Information Index : number of monthes with complete discharge information / number of observed years / 12)
Rating curve status (currently updated or not) : currently updated
Number of discharge measurements (dm) available : from 12 to 24 per year
Highest water level observed :242 cm - Date :June 19, 1989
Highest water level at which dm taken : 226 cm - Date :May 27, 1991
Lowest water level observed :80 cm - Date :Jan 26-30, 1991; Feb 28, 1993
Data storage medium (computerized or not) : computerised
Data dissemination medium (diskette or hand filled form) : hand filled form
Status of the database (which data, currently updated or not) : discharges are currently updated

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE (O & M)
Number of visits currently undertaken per year : 12 to 24
Ease of access : easy access
Ease of flow measurement (describe) : middle
Technique(s) used for discharge measurement (wading, bridge, slope area, etc.) : current meter measurements from bridge with sounding weight
Equipment used in discharge measurement : current meter
Equipment used in stage measurement : vertical staff gauge and water-stage recorder Valdaj
Operation and maintenance budget per annum for the station : 1140 $ per annum for the station (including 840 $ direct costs and 300 $ indirect costs

BENEFITS AND INTEREST
Current use of the data and who uses it (describe) : National Water Council, Ministry of Environment, Water Supply and Irrigation companies, National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (for research and operational purposes), Design organization
Estimated revenue from use of data (if charges are raised) per annum : the eventual revenue is impossible to be estimated
Expected future use and where will it be used (describe) : in all aspects of water supply and irrigation
Additional data needed (which ones) : rainfall, water quality
Real time needed (for what purposes) : for real-time forecasting

SERVICE ORGANIZATION
Name :The NIMH local branches, Dept of Hydrology
Organization :National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology
Address :66 Tzarigradsko Chaussee, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
Number of staff :850 fully employed staff members in the country

Form filled by :Dr Tatyana Orechevo
Title :Hydrogeologist, Hydrological Division
Date : 05.06.1996
Address :

géographique du bassin versant au droit de la source Glava Panega (109 kb)